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OBJECTIVE: Calciphylaxis is a potentially lethal syndrome reported mainly in patients with ESRD on hemodialysis. Etiopathogenesis remains unclear and there is much controversy regarding optimal diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Penile necrosis as a disease presentation is extremely rare. We report two clinical cases treated in our center and perform an evidence review.
METHODS: Clinical data was obtained from both patients and an evidence review was performed on PubMed under the criteria “penile necrosis” and “Calciphylaxis”.
RESULTS: Both patients underwent partial penectomy due to severe penile necrosis. After surgery both patients received treatment with sodium thiosulfate (STS) 20mg in every hemodialysis session. Both patients showed stabilization of necrotic lesions.
DISCUSSION: The same way that biopsying the ischemic lesions produced by Calciphylaxis is discussed and even misadvised, the role of aggressive surgery as first line therapy might be uncertain specially with the raising of new specific drugs such as sodium thiosulfate (STS) that have shown efficacy stopping disease progression.
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